According to Statista, in 2022, the number of mobile devices worldwide reached 15.96 billion, compared to 14.91 billion in 2021. It is expected that by 2025, this figure will reach 18.22 billion.
The popularity of mobile apps is growing, and apps are becoming one of the best ways to communicate with customers. With the onset of the coronavirus pandemic, this issue has become particularly relevant. Many companies were forced to rethink their business models and consider launching their own IT products for smartphones and tablets.
It's not surprising that mobile development is in high demand, and the demand is continuously increasing.
It is expected that in 2023, mobile applications will generate revenue of over $542 390.54 million, and by 2027, it will reach $732,753.98 million.
Which frameworks are used for creating cross-platform mobile apps in this language?
A native app is developed for specific platforms, while building hybrid mobile apps involves using a single codebase that can run on multiple operating systems.
A framework is a software environment that provides a foundation for creating apps or software. It consists of various libraries and tools and significantly helps speed up and simplify the development process.
There are many frameworks, and they all differ: some allow for native app development (for specific operating systems like iOS or Android).
Now, let's explore three highly sought-after frameworks:
React Native is widely used to support multiple digital solutions. Notable React Native apps include Instagram, Facebook, Skype, Uber Eats, Walmart, Wix, Bloomberg, and more.
Let's take a look at the advantages of React Native:
Apps like MarketWatch, Diesel, Untappd, Sworkit, and others have been developed on Ionic.
The framework has undergone numerous changes, ultimately providing mobile developers various technologies like VU.js, Angular, and React. Its slogan, "One Codebase, any Platform," holds true.
Ionic's advantages include:
Support for other frameworks: With the option for integrations, Ionic can be combined with several different frameworks, making development even more convenient.
Plugin support: Integrating third-party plugins expands the framework's capabilities, adding extra features and solving more tasks with Ionic-based apps.
Apps like Groovebook, JustWatch, Nstudio, Washmen, Spotless, and more have been built using NativeScript.
The key advantages of the framework are:
Community: Since its release, this app development framework has gained favor among developers, resulting in a wide community that continuously releases new plugins as successfully as the framework's creators.
Support for external frameworks: When creating an app, you're not limited to using just this framework. Support for external frameworks like Angular expands the development process's possibilities.
Cross-platform apps are digital solutions that operate on multiple operating systems.
This approach has several advantages:
Maximum reach to the target audience: If you know that your customers use both Android and iOS, targeting all types of mobile devices helps expand your audience.
Development cost optimization: A unified technology stack for both Android and iPhone, involving fewer specialists and a simplified development process, all contribute to saving costs while delivering a quality application.
Easy maintenance and deployment: Deployment is much faster due to a unified codebase that integrates seamlessly with any operating system. Maintenance and making changes are also easier since they only affect one codebase.
These frameworks play a crucial role in enabling code sharing and reusability. To optimize code reuse while maintaining OS-specific features, you need to:
Create common abstractions and interfaces that can be reused on different platforms.
Use conditional statements and flags to determine actions based on the platform.
Utilize plugins and libraries that provide platform-specific functionalities.
Developing Native-Like User Interfaces
In today's world, mobile apps are essential business tools that are another channel for sales and customer engagement. Therefore, it's crucial to create a native product that performs excellently and meets business needs.
Let's explore some of these capabilities:
Component-based approach: Frameworks like React Native and NativeScript are built on a component-based approach, allowing you to break the user interface into small, reusable components. This simplifies the development, maintenance, and expansion of the app's interface.
Access to native components: These frameworks enable the use of native components and platform APIs, enabling the creation of truly native iOS and Android apps.
Animations and transitions: The frameworks provide tools to create smooth animations and transitions between screens, enhancing the user experience and making the app more appealing.
Accessing Native Device Features and APIs
How is this achieved? Frameworks allow developers to access native mobile device features, such as the camera, GPS, notifications, and sensors, through specialized APIs and libraries. They abstract the differences between platforms and provide a unified interface for working with various smartphone features.
It is essential to use specialized libraries for each operating system to ensure more reliable interaction with native device capabilities, better performance, simplified support, and app maintenance.
Furthermore, plug-in modules often offer broader functionality and flexibility when configuring and integrating with other application parts.
These are essential stages that allow for detecting and fixing errors in the early stages of software development, ensuring quality and stable operation of the application, and enhancing the user experience.
Let's explore the most common methods and tools that can be used for this purpose.
You can apply integration tests to test the interaction of different components in the app. Here, tools that emulate user interactions with the product are used to check that the components interact correctly. Some popular tools in this area are Cypress, Detox, and Appium.
Performance Optimization and App Store Guidelines
Optimizing performance and meeting App Store requirements are critical for a successful mobile app. To optimize performance, a developer needs to:
Use lazy loading for components and resources.
Compress images and use formats like WebP.
Reduce the number of HTTP requests by combining files and using sprites for images.
Use virtual rendering.
To ensure the app meets App Store requirements, you should:
Test it on different devices.
Ensure the security of user data and compliance with privacy policies.
Address all critical errors and gaps.
Additionally, if your app uses payments, comply with App Store payment system rules.
Following these recommendations will help improve your app's performance and successfully publish it on the App Store.
Overcoming Challenges and Best Practices
During mobile product development, various challenges may arise, affecting the process and app quality.
The most common challenge is compatibility and adaptation to different devices and operating systems. Regular testing can solve this issue. Additionally, you should use platform-specific features and plugins and adapt the design and interface to different screens.
To facilitate development, support, and collaboration on the project, consider the following approaches:
These are just a few practices that you should apply to develop high-quality and efficient digital products.
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- It is widely used and popular in creating mobile and web solutions, providing a large community of developers and numerous learning resources.
Table of contents
- Developing Native-Like User Interfaces
- Accessing Native Device Features and APIs
- Performance Optimization and App Store Guidelines
- Overcoming Challenges and Best Practices